their relatives because of an unconscious desire to perpetuate their genes.) A vast amount of human altruism can be explained in this way. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 19, 2012. Retrieved July 28, 2013. A b Hodges,. "The Roots of Empathy: The Shared Manifold Hypothesis and the Neural Basis of Intersubjectivity". Environmental contributions to empathy development in young children (PhD thesis). Wimmer.; Perner. The problematic but infectious strains of group selection thinking and fitness teleology are, unfortunately, highly attractive to our evolved intuitions, so small missteps are all it takes to release them from their proper home in biological containment facilities and into the general intellectual population.
Distributing resources When it comes to distributing resources, it seems natural to turn to economic gamesexperimental situations in which people are asked to allocate real money among different individuals. Here are three examples that illustrate how the explicit consideration of inter-group competition and interaction has already driven important empirical work. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 108.
These evolution-doubters were not rednecks; they were Harvard Medical students! . "Acute lesions that impair affective empathy". "Multi-level selection" is likely to extend downward below Darwinian species as well as upward into groups. In some experiments, subjects are required to watch video scenarios (either staged or authentic) and to make written responses which are then assessed for their levels of empathy (e.g.
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Henrich,.,., "Economic man" in cross-cultural perspective: Behavioral experiments in 15 small-scale societies. In Roe,.; Simpson,. Wilson defends that view in the NYT, in Why Evolution Is True, June 26, 2012. There has always been competition among individuals within groups, competing for status, mates, and the trust of potential partners for cooperation. 11 Martin Hoffman is a psychologist who studied the development of empathy.
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