life. The ability to allow our willful living to be guided by the best of our knowledge is a virtue of character that is developed as we live the examined life. A non self-interested being is incapable of conceiving of right and wrong in a moral sense. This Socratic perspective maintains that evil behavior is evil because it is born of ignorance and fear, not because of the relative measure of its harm. Think of your own realized and potential virtues. It is also difficult to imagine the full extent that even our smallest virtue can affect the world for good. Instead of needing many people to manifest, it requires just one. Aristotle's Moral Weakness, the idea that people seem to knowingly do wrong is an ancient and persistent one. There are many people who are willing to spend more time researching how to get the best price on an airplane ticket than they are willing to spend learning how to be a more just and virtuous human being. If you include a drawback, give a possible solution, too.
A particular behavior may be harmful in this or that circumstance but not others. When the learning and thinking habits of the people become slack, that is, when the masses do not live examined lives, democracy becomes a fast road to tyranny. We do not need to understand the origin of the universe or have a mystical understanding of a theologically defined cosmic balance between good and evil in order to gain insight into our daily morality. The subordination of the will to knowledge is the primary outcome Socrates sought in the examined life. There is no difference in the character of discourtesy and genocide. We repeat, as much as possible, that which makes us feel as if we are not being crushed to death in the present moment. If you went to a doctor with a headache and the doctor just gave you aspirin for your pain, but failed to discover that the cause of the pain was a brain tumor, we would say that the doctor was incompetent. Hitler's speeches focused instead on the goal of restoring the virtue and vitality of the German nation and people.
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