have been kept back as by a kind of enchantment from progress in the sciences by reverence for antiquity, by the authority of men accounted great in philosophy, and then by general consent. Men become attached to certain particular sciences and speculations, either because they fancy themselves the authors and inventors thereof, or because they have bestowed the greatest pains upon them and become most habituated to them. And as the instruments of the hand either give motion or guide it, so the instruments of the mind supply either suggestions for the understanding or cautions. For it is by discourse that men associate; and words are imposed according to the apprehension of the vulgar. 66 In general however there is taken for the material of philosophy either a great deal out of a few things, or a very little out of many things; so that on both sides philosophy is based on too narrow a foundation of experiment and. Some are weakly afraid lest a deeper search into nature should transgress the permitted limits of sobermindedness; wrongfully wresting and transferring what is said in holy writ against those who pry into sacred mysteries, to the hidden things of nature, which are barred. Let men but think over their infinite expenditure of understanding, time, and means on matters and pursuits of far less use and value; whereof, if but a small part were directed to sound and solid studies, there is no difficulty that might not be overcome. As late as the 18th century some juries still declared the law rather than the facts, but already before the end of the 17th century Sir Matthew Hale explained modern common law adjudication procedure and acknowledged Bacon as the inventor of the process of discovering. There seems little doubt that Bacon had accepted gifts from litigants, but this was an accepted custom of the time and not necessarily evidence of deeply corrupt behaviour. And it was upon this inequality of motions in point of velocity that Galileo built his theory of flux and reflux of the sea; supposing that the earth revolved faster than the water could follow; and that the water was therefore first gathered. 6, his works argued for the possibility of scientific knowledge based only upon inductive reasoning and careful observation of events in nature.
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And if it be larger and wider, we must observe whether by indicating to us new particulars it confirm that wideness and largeness as by a collateral security; that we may not either stick fast in things already known, or loosely grasp at shadows and. For these three have changed the appearance and state of the whole world; first in literature, then in warfare, and lastly in navigation : and innumerable changes have been thence derived, so that no empire, sect, or star, appears to have exercised a greater power. Ousby, Ian (1996 The Cambridge Paperback Guide to Literature in English, Cambridge University Press,. . full citation needed Rossi, Paolo (1968). So that this parent stock of errorsthis false philosophyis of three kinds: the Sophistical, the Empirical, and the Superstitious. Idols of the Theatre, or of Systems, are many, and there can be and perhaps will be yet many more. 169 Lastly, concerning the disdain to receive into natural history things either common, or mean, or over-subtle and in their original condition useless, the answer of the poor woman to the haughty prince, who had rejected her petition as an unworthy thing and beneath his. Of Deformity Houses are built to live in, not to look on; therefore, let use be preferred before uniformity, except where both may be had. "Francis Bacon's Philosophy of Science". D e Another major link is said to be the resemblance between Bacon's New Atlantis and the German Rosicrucian Johann Valentin Andreae 's Description of the Republic of Christianopolis (1619). We cannot conceive of any end or limit to the world, but always as of necessity it occurs to us that there is something beyond By far the greatest obstacle to the progress of science and to the undertaking of new tasks and provinces therein.